How a WordPress site is organised

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WordPress is a content management system, and a brilliant one. Versatile, responsive and customisable. A content management system (CMS) is a platform for hosting your site.

On one side, you have the visible site open to visitors. On the other, you have the dashboard or control panel that you use to draft, post and organise your content.

Think of the CMS as a big filing cabinet.

Filing Cabinet

Within it, you have a few draws:

  • Posts
  • Pages
  • Categories
  • Menus


These are the workhorse. Posts are regular entries; often timely topics, news and updates. Posts are the blog on your site, and they can be connect with social media accounts for publication.

Use Tags with your posts to identify topics. Once you have a number of posts on there, users can click a tag to see other posts relating to that topic.


Pages usually hold static information. Things which aren’t likely to change or need updating often. Often used for home pages, about pages and contact pages.


Categories organise a collection of posts. When writing a post, it will always go into a category.

Tags are different to categories in that categories are the broader header and tags are the individual topics.


Menus are used to arrange content on your site. You can have multiple menus but for simplicity we will concentrate on the primary menu.

Your primary menu is displayed across your site, editable in the Appearance section. Here you generally can display links to individual pages, categories of posts and sometimes an external link.

An example of a simple structure is shown below:

  • Menu
    • About Page
    • Blog Category
      • Post
      • Post
      • Post
    • Contact Page